BiasList.com

An extensive list of cognitive biases and logical fallacies

Showing all 915 entries

Bias or fallacy name Also known as Description Reference Added Updated ID
zz_038 [SIC] [REPLACEME] Common examples are Affirming the Consequent and Denying the Antecedent. [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-17 038_lf
zero-sum bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 369_cb
zero-risk bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 368_cb
zero tolerance [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 679_lf
zero risk bias [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 908_lf
Zeigarnik effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 367_cb
you're not the boss of me [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 907_lf
you talk too much [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 678_lf
you speakee da english [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 677_lf
you need to know [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 906_lf
you do it too [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 905_lf
you can't win if you don't play [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 676_lf
you also 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 490_lf
xenophobia [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 904_lf
worst-case fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 675_lf
worst negates the bad [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 674_lf
worse-than-average effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 366_cb
women are wonderful effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 365_cb
WMD's [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 691_lf
wishful thinking [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 364_cb
wisdom of the crowd [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 673_lf
winning isn't everything it's the only thing all's fair in love and war, changing the rules, moving the goalposts, nuclear option Starting with certain requirements for a decision, then, when, the criteria are met, requiring a higher bar.  "A fallacy of logos". [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 672_lf
willful ignorance [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 902_lf
Wikipedia fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 692_lf
whistling by the graveyard [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 671_lf
where there's smoke there's fire [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 670_lf
whatever is is right acquiescence, better the devil you know than the devil you don't, deal with it, default bias, get used to it, if it ain't broke don't fix it, it is what it is, let it be let it be, making one's peace with the situation, normalization of evil, this is the best of all possible worlds, this is the only possible world The fallacy that just because something is the current state that is therefore the preferred state. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 703_lf
whataboutism See also: appeal to a lack of evidence, appeal to ignorance, argumentum ad ignorantium, and argument from ignorance. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 055_lf
what were their names [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 901_lf
what happens in Vegas stays in Vegas [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 900_lf
what goes around comes around [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 899_lf
well travelled road effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 363_cb
Weber–Fechner law [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 362_cb
wealth is the disease and I am the cure 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 489_lf
we have to do something [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 669_lf
we do it too [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 898_lf
we can't afford to take chances [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 897_lf
waving the bloody shirt [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 668_lf
vulture capitalism 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 488_lf
von Restorff effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 361_cb
voice of the voiceless [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 667_lf
vicious circle 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 487_lf
verbatim effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 360_cb
venue [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 666_lf
venting [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 665_lf
values [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 896_lf
value selection bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 359_cb
valence effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 358_cb
unthinking obedience 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 486_lf
unit bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 357_cb
uniformity [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 895_lf
uniformitarianism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 894_lf
undistributed middle term A component fallacy. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 020_lf
underlying meaning [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 893_lf
unconscious bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 355_cb
ultimate attribution error [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 354_cb
two-sides fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 664_lf
two wrongs make a right [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 892_lf
two truths [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 663_lf
Turkey illusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 353_cb
tuning out 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 485_lf
tu quoque [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 662_lf
truthout fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 891_lf
truthiness [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 661_lf
truthdig fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 890_lf
truth bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 352_cb
trust your intuition [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 889_lf
trust your instincts [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 888_lf
trust your heart [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 887_lf
trust your gut [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 660_lf
trust your feelings [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 886_lf
Travis syndrome [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 351_cb
trait ascription bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 350_cb
totus pro partes fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 885_lf
tone policing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 659_lf
token endorsement fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 658_lf
token endorsement Fallacy saying that a positive statement made by an individual with a pertinent characteristic must be true because of their possession of that characteristic. For example, a claim that, just because a member of a minority group states that a person of the majority group is not bigoted against the minority group, that this must therefore be true.  (It is still possible for the statement to be incorrect, despite the group membership of the person making the statement.) [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 042_lf
tip of the tongue phenomenon [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 349_cb
tiny percentage fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 657_lf
time-saving bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 348_cb
throwing good money after bad [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 656_lf
three monkeys' fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 884_lf
three monkeys fallacy 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 484_lf
thousand flowers fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 655_lf
this is the best of all possible worlds acquiescence, better the devil you know than the devil you don't, deal with it, default bias, get used to it, if it ain't broke don't fix it, it is what it is, let it be let it be, making one's peace with the situation, normalization of evil, this is the best of all possible worlds, whatever is is right The fallacy that just because something is the current state that is therefore the preferred state. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 491_lf
third-person effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 347_cb
third person effect [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 654_lf
thinking with your other head [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 883_lf
they're not like us [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 882_lf
they're just like us [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 881_lf
they're all liars [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 880_lf
they're all crooks [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 653_lf
they're all biased [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 652_lf
there is no alternative (TINA) [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 651_lf
there is no alternative [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 879_lf
the squeaky wheel gets the grease [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 878_lf
the politics of the center [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 877_lf
the Perky effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 346_cb
the perfect is the enemy of the good 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 483_lf
the nose knows [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 876_lf
the judicial surprise [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 875_lf
the argument from motives See too Questioning Motives. A kind of ad hominem. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 058_lf
testing effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 345_cb
tell me what were their names [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 874_lf
telescoping effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 344_cb
teleological bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 343_cb
tear it all down [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 873_lf
team player appeal 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 482_lf
team player [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 872_lf
teach the controversy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 871_lf
talking points [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 650_lf
take names and kick butt [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 870_lf
tachypsychia [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 342_cb
taboo [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 649_lf
systematic bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 341_cb
system justification [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 340_cb
survivorship bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 339_cb
surrogation [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 338_cb
surprise surprise [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 869_lf
superiority bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 337_cb
sunk cost fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 336_cb
sui generis fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 648_lf
suggestibility [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 335_cb
suffix effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 334_cb
suck it up [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 647_lf
subjective validation [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 333_cb
subject-expectancy effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 332_cb
subadditivity effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 331_cb
straw person [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 868_lf
straw man argument A subtype of red herring. A component fallacy. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 015_lf
straw man [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 646_lf
straw figure [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 867_lf
stockholm syndrome [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 645_lf
stereotyping [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 330_cb
stereotypical bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 329_cb
stereotype bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 328_cb
staying on message 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 481_lf
stay the course 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 480_lf
status quo bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 327_cb
state-dependent memory [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 250_cb
state actor fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 644_lf
star power [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 643_lf
standardization [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 866_lf
standard version fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 642_lf
stacking the deck card stacking, half truth A fallacy of omission. [1], [2], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 028_lf
squeaky wheel gets the grease 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 479_lf
spotlight effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 326_cb
sports world fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 641_lf
special pleading Closely related to Contradictory Premises. A component fallacy. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 022_lf
special covenant American exceptionalism, appeal to heaven, argumentum ad coelum, Deus vult, Gott mit uns, manifest destiny A fallacy based on claiming to know God's mind and wishes, which cannot really be challenged.  A "deluded argument from ethos".  Opposite of Job's comforter fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 478_lf
speakee fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 640_lf
speak no evil [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 865_lf
spacing effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 325_cb
space place [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 639_lf
source confusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 324_cb
sophism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 864_lf
someone's going to win and it might as well be you [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 863_lf
soldiers' honor fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 638_lf
social desirability bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 323_cb
social cryptomnesia [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 322_cb
social comparison bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 321_cb
social bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 320_cb
sob story [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 862_lf
snowing them under [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 861_lf
snow job [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 637_lf
sloganeering [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 860_lf
slippery slope fallacy camel's nose fallacy A specific type of non-sequitor. A component fallacy. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 017_lf
slippery slope [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 636_lf
singing kumbaya [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 859_lf
sin of presumption [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 858_lf
simpleton's fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 635_lf
simple truth fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 857_lf
silent treatment [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 856_lf
silent majority fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 634_lf
shopping hungry fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 633_lf
shockdoc [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 855_lf
shock doctrine [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 854_lf
shock and awe [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 853_lf
shifting the burden of proof [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 632_lf
shibboleth [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 631_lf
shearing the sheeple 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 477_lf
shared information bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 319_cb
sexual overperception bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 318_cb
seven sins of memory [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 317_cb
serial position effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 316_cb
sending the wrong message [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 630_lf
Semmelweis reflex [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 315_cb
self-serving bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 314_cb
self-relevance effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 313_cb
self-generation effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 193_cb
self righteousness [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 629_lf
self justification 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 476_lf
self deprecation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 628_lf
self deception [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 627_lf
self debasement [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 626_lf
selective perception [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 312_cb
selection bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 311_cb
seen it all before [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 852_lf
security theater [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 851_lf
scruples [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 625_lf
scripted message [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 624_lf
scoring [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 623_lf
scope neglect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 310_cb
scare tactics [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 622_lf
scapegoating [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 621_lf
saying is believing effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 309_cb
save the children fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 620_lf
salience bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 308_cb
salacious fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 619_lf
safe space [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 618_lf
safe place [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 617_lf
rosy retrospection [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 307_cb
root for the underdog [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 850_lf
romantic rebel [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 616_lf
romantic fallacy affective fallacy, appeal to emotion, argumentum ad misericordiam, argument from pity, emotion over reflection, follow your heart "An emotional appeal to what should be a logical issue".  A fallacy of relevance.  Closely related to angelism.  "Opposite to this is...chosen emotion fallacy." 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 475_lf
risk compensation [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 305_cb
risk aversion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 304_cb
rhyme as reason effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 303_cb
restraint bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 302_cb
resolution by force of arms [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 849_lf
resilience doctrine [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 848_lf
repetition blindness [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 301_cb
reminiscence bump [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 300_cb
relativizing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 615_lf
reifying [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 614_lf
refinement [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 613_lf
reductionism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 612_lf
reductio ad Hitlerum ad Hitlerum An example of ad hominem or guilt by association that invokes a specific extreme persona from history. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 611_lf
red herring Examples include Appeal to Emotion, Irrelevant Conclusion, Personal Attack, and Straw Man. [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 039_lf
reciting the litany [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 847_lf
recency illusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 299_cb
recency effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 298_cb
recency bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 297_cb
reading the roll of martyrs [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 846_lf
reactive devaluation [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 296_cb
reactance [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 295_cb
rationalization [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 845_lf
rally 'round the president [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 844_lf
rally 'round the flag [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 843_lf
radicalization 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 474_lf
racism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 842_lf
questioning motives [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 841_lf
questionable authority [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 840_lf
Pygmalion effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 294_cb
puritanical bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 293_cb
pseudocertainty effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 292_cb
prospect theory [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 291_cb
prosopology [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 610_lf
prosopography [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 839_lf
proportionality bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 290_cb
propaganda 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 473_lf
proof texting [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 838_lf
projection bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 289_cb
profiteering 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 472_lf
profanity 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 471_lf
procrustean fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 609_lf
procrastination [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 837_lf
processing difficulty effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 288_cb
probability matching [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 287_cb
pro-innovation bias 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 470_lf
primacy effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 286_cb
prevention bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 285_cb
present bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 284_cb
prejudice [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 836_lf
power-play [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 835_lf
pout [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 608_lf
poster child [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 834_lf
post-truth [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 607_lf
post-hoc ergo propter hoc 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 469_lf
post hoc propter hoc [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 833_lf
post hoc ergo propter hoc [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 832_lf
post hoc argument [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 606_lf
positivity effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 283_cb
positive thinking fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 605_lf
positive outcome bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 282_cb
pollyanna principle fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 831_lf
pollyanna principle [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 604_lf
political theater [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 830_lf
political correctness [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 603_lf
poisoning the well ad hominem argument, argumentum ad hominem, argument toward the man, attacking the person, personal attack 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 468_lf
plus ca change plus c'est la meme chose [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 829_lf
plus c'est la meme chose [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 828_lf
pleasure-hating [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 602_lf
playing on emotion [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 601_lf
plausible deniability [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 600_lf
plant blindness [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 281_cb
planning fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 280_cb
plan continuation bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 279_cb
plain truth fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 599_lf
placement bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 278_cb
placebo effect [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 827_lf
picture superiority effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 277_cb
petitio principii 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 467_lf
pessimism bias See also: cynicism. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 276_cb
personalization [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 598_lf
personal attack ad hominem argument, argumentum ad hominem, argument toward the man, attacking the person, poisoning the well Arguing against the opposing party instead of the reasoning given by the opposing party. This might question the intelligence, credentials, or character of the opposition. A "corrupted negative argument from ethos". Subcategories include abusive and circumstantial types. A fallacy of relevance. The opposite of star power. An obverse is token endorsement. See also: guilt by association. [1], [2], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 002_lf
persistence [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 275_cb
perfect is the enemy of the good [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 826_lf
Peltzman effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 306_cb
peak–end rule [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 274_cb
peace through strength [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 825_lf
pathetic fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 824_lf
paternalism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 597_lf
passive voice fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 596_lf
part-list cueing effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 273_cb
pars pro toto fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 595_lf
pareidolia [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 272_cb
paranoia [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 823_lf
paralysis of analysis [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 594_lf
panic [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 593_lf
oversimplifying [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 822_lf
overgeneralization [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 592_lf
overexplanation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 591_lf
overconfidence effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 271_cb
outgroup homogeneity bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 270_cb
outgroup favoritism [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 269_cb
outcome bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 268_cb
otherizing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 821_lf
othering [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 590_lf
ostrich strategy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 820_lf
ostrich effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 267_cb
optimism bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 266_cb
oops! [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 589_lf
omission bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 265_cb
olfactory rhetoric [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 588_lf
October surprise [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 690_lf
occasionally extended even to their pets! [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 819_lf
observer-expectancy effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 264_cb
obscurationism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 818_lf
obscurantism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 587_lf
obscenity 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 466_lf
objectivity illusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 263_cb
objectification [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 262_cb
Nuremberg defense 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 372_lf
nuclear option all's fair in love and war, changing the rules, moving the goalposts, winning isn't everything it's the only thing Starting with certain requirements for a decision, then, when, the criteria are met, requiring a higher bar.  "A fallacy of logos". [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 586_lf
nothing new under the sun [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 585_lf
not invented here [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 261_cb
not in my back yard (NIMBY) [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 584_lf
not in my back yard [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 817_lf
normalization of evil [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 816_lf
normalcy bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 260_cb
nonviolent civil disobedience [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 815_lf
none of yer beeswax [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 814_lf
none at all is even better [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 813_lf
noncooperation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 812_lf
non-recognition [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 583_lf
non-negotiable demands [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 811_lf
non-argument argument 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 465_lf
non-adaptive choice switching [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 259_cb
non sequitur it does not follow Syllogistic errors include undistributed middle term, non causa pro causa, and gnorantio elenchi. A component fallacy. Common examples are: affirming the consequent, denying the antecedent. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-17 016_lf
nobody will ever know [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 582_lf
noble effort [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 810_lf
no true Scotsman A fallacy of omission. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 029_lf
no pain no gain [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 581_lf
no negotiation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 809_lf
no discussion [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 580_lf
nirvana fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 808_lf
nihilism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 579_lf
next-in-line effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 258_cb
newspeak [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 578_lf
neglect of probability [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 257_cb
negativity effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 256_cb
negativity bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 255_cb
need to know 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 464_lf
narrative fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 577_lf
name-calling [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 576_lf
name dropping [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 575_lf
name calling The fallacy of applying a label to an arguer and assigning or implying a conclusion based on that applied label instead of evaluating or addressing the argument at hand.  A form of ad hominem.  A simplified from of argumentum ad personam. [8], [9], [11] 2024-06-14 2024-06-14 913_lf
naive realism [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 254_cb
naive cynicism [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 253_cb
mystagogy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 807_lf
myside bias 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 463_lf
muscular leadership [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 806_lf
muscular foreign policy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 805_lf
moving the goalposts all's fair in love and war, changing the rules, nuclear option, winning isn't everything it's the only thing Starting with certain requirements for a decision, then, when, the criteria are met, requiring a higher bar.  "A fallacy of logos". [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 574_lf
moving the ball down the field [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 573_lf
motte and bailey fallacy Motte and Bailey doctrine [5] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 095_lf
Motte and Bailey doctrine 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 371_lf
motivational truth [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 572_lf
motivated ignorance 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 462_lf
mother nature [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 804_lf
mortification [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 571_lf
moral superiority [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 570_lf
moral luck [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 252_cb
moral licensing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 569_lf
moral high ground [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 568_lf
moral credential effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 251_cb
mood-congruent memory bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 249_cb
monolingual [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 567_lf
monocausal fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 803_lf
money illusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 248_cb
modality effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 247_cb
mistaking the map for the territory [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 802_lf
missing link fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 801_lf
missing link See also: appeal to a lack of evidence, appeal to ignorance, argumentum ad ignorantium, argument from ignorance. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 056_lf
misinformation effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 246_cb
misattribution of memory [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 245_cb
mind-reading [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 566_lf
mind your own business (MYOB) [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 565_lf
mind your own business [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 800_lf
mind blindness [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 564_lf
mind [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 563_lf
might-makes-right appeal to force, argumentum ad baculum,  argument from force, argument from the club (stick) Conclusion is reached due to force, threat of force, or threat of unlpeasantness.  A fallacy of relevance, since reason for conclusion is not relevant to the argument at hand. See too: argument from strength, bullying, fascism, hard power, muscular leadership, non-negotiable demands, power-play, resolution by force of arms, shock and awe. 2024-06-11 2024-06-12 461_lf
middle of the road fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 562_lf
merological fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 799_lf
mere exposure effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 244_cb
memory inhibition [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 243_cb
memory bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 242_cb
measurability [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 561_lf
material persuasion [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 798_lf
material incentive [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 797_lf
marginalization of the adversary [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 796_lf
mansplaining [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 560_lf
manifest destiny American exceptionalism, appeal to heaven, argumentum ad coelum, Deus vult, Gott mit uns, special covenant A fallacy based on claiming to know God's mind and wishes, which cannot really be challenged.  A "deluded argument from ethos".  Opposite of Job's comforter fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 460_lf
mala fides [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 559_lf
making peace with one's situation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 795_lf
making one's peace with the situation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 794_lf
mainsplaining [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 558_lf
magical thinking [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 557_lf
magic of the market [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 793_lf
mad leader disease 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 459_lf
lying with statistics [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 556_lf
love it or leave it [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 555_lf
love bombing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 554_lf
lost cause [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 792_lf
loss aversion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 241_cb
loose lips [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 791_lf
long ago and far away [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 553_lf
logical fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 240_cb
locker-room talk alpha-male talk, bad-boy talk A form of "frank, unguarded or uninhibited offensive expression".  A fallacy that holds that some words are excempt from criticism because they are simply the true expression of some perspective having merit due to their representing the uncensored expression of true feelings.  See also: venting.  See also: affective fallacy.  Opposite to this are political correctness and scripted message. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 552_lf
lock'em up and throw away the key [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 790_lf
loaded question 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 458_lf
live as though you're dying [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 551_lf
list-length effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 239_cb
levels-of-processing effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 238_cb
leveling and sharpening [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 237_cb
letting off steam [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 789_lf
let the facts speak For themselves 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 457_lf
let the facts speak for themselves [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 788_lf
let it be let it be [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 787_lf
let it be [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 786_lf
less-is-better effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 236_cb
leading the witness fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 550_lf
law of unintended consequences [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 549_lf
law of the instrument [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 235_cb
language control [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 548_lf
Lake Wobegon effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 234_cb
lag effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 233_cb
knowing full well [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 785_lf
KISS principle [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 689_lf
keeping up standards [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 784_lf
keep it simple stupid (KISS) [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 783_lf
keep it short and simple (KISS) [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 782_lf
karma is a bi**h [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 781_lf
just-world hypothesis [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 232_cb
just plain folks [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 547_lf
just in case just in case A fallacy of pessimism with reasoning based on a far-fetched, unlikely, or even entirely imaginary worst-case scenario isntead of being based on reality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 780_lf
just do it accomplish the mission, by any means necessary, find a way, I don't care how you do it An argumentum ad baculum (argument from force) that implies arriving at an outcome by aside morality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 546_lf
just a job [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 545_lf
jumping to conclusions 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 456_lf
jumping to a conclusion [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 779_lf
judenrein [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 778_lf
Job's comforter fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 493_lf
it is what it is [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 544_lf
it does not follow 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 455_lf
irrelevant conclusion arguing beside the point, ignorantio elenchi, ignoring the issue Similar to Begging the Question.  One common form is the Red Herring.  Another example is Tu Quoque or And you too. A component fallacy. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 014_lf
irrational escalation [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 231_cb
interoceptive bias or hungry judge effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 230_cb
intentionality bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 229_cb
insensitivity to sample size [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 228_cb
inner truth 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 454_lf
inner sanctum 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 453_lf
ingroup bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 226_cb
infowars [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 777_lf
infotainment [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 543_lf
infortainment [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 776_lf
information pollution alt facts, alternate facts, counterknowledge, disinformation A fallacy holding that objective facts and truth cannot really exist, are not durable, or are really subjective.  A "fallacy of logos rooted in postmodernism".  Related to: big lie technique.  See also: gaslighting, blind loyalty, big brain/little brain fallacy, two truths. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 452_lf
information cascade [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 542_lf
information bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 227_cb
ineffability [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 541_lf
incomplete information [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 775_lf
in-group bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 225_cb
impostor syndrome [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 224_cb
implicit bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 356_cb
implicit association [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 223_cb
illusory truth effect (illusion-of-truth effect) [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 222_cb
illusory superiority [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 221_cb
illusory correlation [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 220_cb
illusion of validity [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 219_cb
illusion of transparency [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 218_cb
illusion of explanatory depth [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 217_cb
illusion of control [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 216_cb
illusion of asymmetric insight [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 215_cb
IKEA effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 214_cb
ignoring the issue 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 451_lf
ignorantio elenchi 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 450_lf
if it ain't broke don't fix it [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 774_lf
identity politics [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 773_lf
identity fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 540_lf
iconoclastic fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 772_lf
I-knew-it-all-along effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 204_cb
I-knew-it-all-along effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 213_cb
I've got to do what I've got to do a person's got to do what a person's got to do, a man's got to do what a man's got to do, I've got to do what I've got to do This fallacy draws a conclusion based on (potentially prejudiced identity or gender-based) feelings or emotion not necessarily having a foundation in logical reasoning (e.g., it is possible that they do not really have to arrive at that outcome).  A form of the affective fallacy. 2024-06-14 2024-06-14 912_lf
I'm trying my best [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 688_lf
I wish I had a magic wand [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 492_lf
I think we're alone now [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 687_lf
i know my rights 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 449_lf
I know my rights [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 686_lf
I forgot... [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 685_lf
I don't want to hear it! [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 684_lf
I don't want to hear it 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 370_lf
I don't care how you do it accomplish the mission, by any means necessary, find a way, just do it An argumentum ad baculum (argument from force) that implies arriving at an outcome by aside morality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 683_lf
I do it too [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 682_lf
hypostatization [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 539_lf
hyperbolic discounting [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 212_cb
hyperbole [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 538_lf
humor effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 211_cb
humanitarian crisis [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 771_lf
Hoyle's fallacy [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 097_lf
hot-hand fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 210_cb
hot-cold empathy gap [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 207_cb
hot hand phenomenon [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 209_cb
hot hand [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 208_cb
hostile attribution bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 206_cb
homophily [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 770_lf
hindsight is 20/20 effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 205_cb
hindsight bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 203_cb
hey sports fans [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 537_lf
heroes all everybody's a winner [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 096_lf
hero-busting [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 536_lf
hero busting the perfect is the enemy of the good Used to assist Identity Fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 094_lf
herd behavior [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 202_cb
hedonism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 535_lf
hedonic recall bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 201_cb
heart of darkness syndrome [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 769_lf
hear no evil speak no evil 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 448_lf
hear no evil see no evil speak no evil [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 768_lf
hasty generalization dicto simpliciter, jumping to conclusions, converse accident One type is Fallacy of Accident.  One type is the Misleading Statistic. A component fallacy. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 012_lf
hasty conclusion [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 767_lf
hard–easy effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 200_cb
hard power [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 766_lf
halo effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 199_cb
half truth 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 447_lf
guilt by association discredit by association A fallacy of trying to argue against a point by "evoking the negative ethos" (the negative charcteristics) of the associations of the opponent (e.g., by way of their professional or social relationships, political party, religion, ethnicity, or other group or institutional memberhip).  An extreme case is: for my enemies nothing. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-16 093_lf
groupthink [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 198_cb
groupshift [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 197_cb
group-serving bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 196_cb
group attribution error [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 195_cb
grit [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 765_lf
green fallacy 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 446_lf
Gott mit uns American exceptionalism, appeal to heaven, argumentum ad coelum, Deus vult, manifest destiny, special covenant A fallacy based on claiming to know God's mind and wishes, which cannot really be challenged.  A "deluded argument from ethos".  Opposite of Job's comforter fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 445_lf
Google effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 194_cb
good simpleton [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 764_lf
good old days 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 444_lf
gnosticism 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 443_lf
Gitmo solution [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 681_lf
getting even [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 763_lf
get used to it [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 762_lf
get over it [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 534_lf
genetic fallacy appeal to authority, argument from modesty, argument from that which is improper, argumentum ad verecundium A fallacy of relevance. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 004_lf
generation effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 192_cb
gender differences in eyewitness memory [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 191_cb
gender bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 190_cb
gaslighting One instance is Emotional Invalidation. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 091_lf
gambler's fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 189_cb
G. I. Joe fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 188_cb
führerprinzip 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 442_lf
fundamental pain bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 187_cb
fundamental attribution error self justification Obverse is Self Deprecation, Self Debasement. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 090_lf
fundamental attribution error [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 186_cb
fundamental attribution [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 533_lf
functional fixedness [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 185_cb
frequency illusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 184_cb
free speech fallacy An example is the Safe Space or Safe Place. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 089_lf
framing effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 183_cb
form function attribution bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 182_cb
forer effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 181_cb
Fordism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 680_lf
for my friends anything 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 441_lf
for my friends any thing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 761_lf
for my enemies nothing fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 532_lf
follow your heart affective fallacy, appeal to emotion, argumentum ad misericordiam, argument from pity, emotion over reflection, romantic fallacy "An emotional appeal to what should be a logical issue".  A fallacy of relevance.  Closely related to angelism.  "Opposite to this is...chosen emotion fallacy." 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 440_lf
focalism anchoring bias, attentional bias, availability bias, availability heuristic, focalism A tendency to rely too much on one particular thing (often the first available thing) when considering a decision.  See also: common source bias, conservatism bias, functional fixedness, law of the instrument.  See also: anchoring bias, attention bias, availability bias. [6] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 903_lf
finish the job Related to Just a Job. See also Blind Loyalty, Soldiers Honor Fallacy, Argument from Inertia. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 088_lf
find a way accomplish the mission, by any means necessary, just do it, I don't care how you do it An argumentum ad baculum (argument from force) that implies arriving at an outcome by aside morality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 909_lf
financial incentive [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 760_lf
favoritism 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 439_lf
faulty use of quotes [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 531_lf
faulty use of authority [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 759_lf
faulty analogy A component fallacy. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 019_lf
fascism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 758_lf
familiarity principle [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 180_cb
false uniqueness bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 179_cb
false priors [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 178_cb
false memory [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 177_cb
false dilemma all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black and white fallacy, black/white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 438_lf
false dichotomy all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black and white fallacy, black/white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 437_lf
false consensus effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 176_cb
false cause coincidental correlation, post-hoc ergo propter hoc One type is Non Causa Pro Causa or Not the cause for a cause.  One type is Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc or After this, therefore because of this. A component fallacy. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 013_lf
false binary all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black and white fallacy, black/white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 436_lf
false analogy Opposite of Sui Generis Fallacy, Difference. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 087_lf
fallacy of speculation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 757_lf
fallacy of reification fallacy of misplaced concreteness A fallacy of ambiguity. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 027_lf
fallacy of misplaced concreteness 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 435_lf
fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 530_lf
falacia ad vericundiam [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 756_lf
falacia ad verbosium [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 755_lf
falacia ad temperantiam [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 754_lf
fake news [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 753_lf
fait accompli [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 529_lf
fading affect bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 175_cb
fable [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 752_lf
F-bomb cursing, obscenity, profanity Related to Salacious Fallacy. See also Red Herring. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 086_lf
extrinsic incentives bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 174_cb
extension neglect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 173_cb
experimenter's bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 172_cb
expectation bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 171_cb
expect a miracle [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 751_lf
exemplary punishment [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 750_lf
executive summary [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 749_lf
excluded outliers [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 528_lf
excluded middle all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black and white fallacy, black/white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dichotomy, false dilemma If a little is good, then more must be better.  Or, if less is good, then none is better.  "A corrupted argument from logos".One opposite is excluded outliers.  Another opposite is middle of the road fallacy (falacia ad temperantiam, the politics of the center, marginalization of the adversary).A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 085_lf
exaggerated expectation [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 170_cb
everybody's a winner 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 434_lf
every revolution ends up eating its own young [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 748_lf
evening up the score [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 527_lf
even one is too many [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 747_lf
euphoric recall [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 169_cb
etymological fallacy [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 084_lf
essentializing Opposite of Relativizing. See also Red Herring, Appeal to Nature. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 083_lf
esoteric wisdom 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 433_lf
esoteric knowledge esoteric wisdom, gnosticism, inner truth, inner sanctum, need to know Counterpart is Obscurantism, Willful Ignorance. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 082_lf
eschatological fallacy [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 081_lf
escalation of commitment [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 168_cb
equivocation A fallacy of ambiguity. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 023_lf
equivocation [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 037_lf
epistemically closed systems [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 746_lf
endowment effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 167_cb
end-of-history illusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 166_cb
emotional reasoning [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 745_lf
emotional invalidation [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 092_lf
emotional [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 526_lf
emotion over reflection affective fallacy, appeal to emotion, argumentum ad misericordiam, argument from pity, follow your heart, romantic fallacy "An emotional appeal to what should be a logical issue".  A fallacy of relevance.  Closely related to angelism.  "Opposite to this is...chosen emotion fallacy." 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 432_lf
eminence-based practice [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 744_lf
elections have consequences [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 525_lf
either/or reasoning all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black and white fallacy, black/white fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dichotomy, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 524_lf
either or fallacy all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black and white fallacy, black/white fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dichotomy, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. [1], [2], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 018_lf
egocentric bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 165_cb
ego / nos quoque [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 523_lf
effort justification [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 164_cb
early adopter's fallacy 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 431_lf
E for effort An example is Waving the Bloody Shirt, the Blood of the Martyrs Fallacy. See also Cost Bias, Solider’s Honor Fallacy, Argument from Inertia. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 080_lf
dynamic inconsistency [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 163_cb
duration neglect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 162_cb
Dunning–Kruger effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 161_cb
Dunning-Kruger effect [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 079_lf
dread aversion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 160_cb
draw your own conclusion fallacy non-argument argument, let the facts speak For themselves Related to Leading The Witness Fallacy [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 078_lf
drama queen / drama king fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 743_lf
don't fix it [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 742_lf
domino theory [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 741_lf
domain neglect bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 159_cb
dogmatism [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 740_lf
dog-whistle politics [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 522_lf
dog whistle politics [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 077_lf
division A fallacy of ambiguity. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 026_lf
division The opposite of Composition. [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 036_lf
distraction [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 739_lf
distinction bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 158_cb
disproportionate response [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 738_lf
disposition effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 157_cb
disinformation disinformation 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 430_lf
discredit by association guilt by association A fallacy of trying to argue against a point by "evoking the negative ethos" (the negative charcteristics) of the associations of the opponent (e.g., by way of their professional or social relationships, political party, religion, ethnicity, or other group or institutional memberhip).  An extreme case is: for my enemies nothing. 2024-06-16 915_lf
disciplinary blinders See also Star Power, Two Truths. Analogous to Denominational Blinders. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 076_lf
diminished responsibility [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 521_lf
differance [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 737_lf
die away ye old forms and logic [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 736_lf
die away [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 735_lf
dicto simpliciter 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 429_lf
devil quotes scripture [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 734_lf
Deus vult American exceptionalism, appeal to heaven, argumentum ad coelum, Gott mit uns, manifest destiny, special covenant A fallacy based on claiming to know God's mind and wishes, which cannot really be challenged.  A "deluded argument from ethos".  Opposite of Job's comforter fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 428_lf
denominational blindness [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 520_lf
denominational [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 519_lf
denomination effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 156_cb
demagogy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 518_lf
deliberate ignorance closed-mindedness, motivated ignorance, tuning out, hear no evil speak no evil, three monkeys fallacy, I don't want to hear it See also Trust Your Gut, Confirmation Bias, Third Person Effect, They’re All Crooks, Simpletons Fallacy, Positive Thinking Fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 075_lf
dehumanization [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 517_lf
dehumanised perception [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 151_cb
defensiveness choice-support bias, myside bias See also Argument from Inertia, Confirmation Bias. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 074_lf
defensive attribution hypothesis [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 155_cb
default effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 154_cb
default bias Opposite of Nihilism. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 073_lf
decoy effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 153_cb
declinism [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 152_cb
deal with it [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 733_lf
dacoits fallacy 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 427_lf
dacoit's fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 732_lf
cynicism apathetic fallacy, burnout, compassion fatigue See also: pessimism bias. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-15 731_lf
cursing 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 426_lf
curse of knowledge [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 149_cb
current moment bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 150_cb
cum hoc ergo propter hoc 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 425_lf
cultural appropriation [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 516_lf
cryptomnesia [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 148_cb
crowdsourcing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 730_lf
cross-race effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 147_cb
crocodile's tears [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 729_lf
courtesy bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 146_cb
counterknowledge alt facts, alternate facts, disinformation, information pollution A fallacy holding that objective facts and truth cannot really exist, are not durable, or are really subjective.  A "fallacy of logos rooted in postmodernism".  Related to: big lie technique.  See also: gaslighting, blind loyalty, big brain/little brain fallacy, two truths. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 424_lf
cost bias [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 072_lf
correlation implies causation cum hoc ergo propter hoc [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 035_lf
converse accident 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 423_lf
control voice [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 728_lf
contrast effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 145_cb
contradictory premises Closely related to Special Pleading. A component fallacy. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 021_lf
continued influence effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 144_cb
context neglect bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 143_cb
context effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 142_cb
conspiracy theories [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 727_lf
conservative bias 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 422_lf
conservatism bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 141_cb
conjunction fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 140_cb
congruence bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 139_cb
conformity [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 138_cb
confirmation bias See also Half Truth, Defensiveness. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 071_lf
confirmation bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 137_cb
con artist's fallacy 2024-06-11 2024-06-12 421_lf
con artist's fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 726_lf
composition A fallacy of ambiguity. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 025_lf
composition The opposite of Divison. [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 034_lf
complexity [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 515_lf
complex question loaded question Often overlaps with Begging the Question.  A fallacy of omission. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 032_lf
complex question A counterpart of Either Or Reasoning. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 070_lf
compassion fatigue apathetic fallacy, burnout, cynicism The fallacy in which legitimate arguments are ignored due claimed lack of caring. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-15 725_lf
compassion fade [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 136_cb
compartmentalization [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 724_lf
compadrismo 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 420_lf
common source bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 135_cb
coincidental correlation 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 419_lf
cognitive dissonance [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 134_cb
clustering illusion [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 133_cb
closed-mindedness 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 418_lf
circulus in probando 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 417_lf
circular reasoning circulus in probando, vicious circle, catch 22, begging the question, circulus in probando Similar to begging the question. A component fallacy.  See aloo Begging the Question. [1], [2], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 011_lf
chronological snobbery [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 132_cb
chosen emotion fallacy Opposite of Affective Fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 044_lf
choice-supportive bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 131_cb
choice-support bias 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 416_lf
childhood amnesia [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 130_cb
cheerleader effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 129_cb
chaos theory [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 514_lf
changing the rules all's fair in love and war, moving the goalposts, nuclear option, winning isn't everything it's the only thing Starting with certain requirements for a decision, then, when, the criteria are met, requiring a higher bar.  "A fallacy of logos". [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 513_lf
catch 22 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 415_lf
card stacking 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 414_lf
campaign promises [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 512_lf
camel's nose fallacy 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 413_lf
calling cards [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 069_lf
calling "cards" [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 511_lf
by any means necessary accomplish the mission, find a way, I don't care how you do it, just do it An argumentum ad baculum (argument from force) that implies arriving at an outcome by aside morality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 723_lf
burnout apathetic fallacy, compassion fatigue, cynicism The fallacy in which legitimate arguments are ignored due claimed lack of caring. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-15 722_lf
bureaucratic passive [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 721_lf
bullying [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 720_lf
broken windows policing [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 719_lf
bribery [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 510_lf
brave heretic [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 718_lf
brainwashing propaganda, radicalization See also Stockholm Syndrome, Love Bombing, Bribery. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 068_lf
brain in your head [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 717_lf
boundary extension [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 128_cb
bold faced lie 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 412_lf
bogeyman fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 716_lf
blood of the martyrs fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 509_lf
blood of the martyrs [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 715_lf
blood is thicker than water favoritism, compadrismo, for my friends anything Reverse of Ad Hominem. See Identity Fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 067_lf
blind obedience 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 411_lf
blind loyalty blind obedience, unthinking obedience, team player appeal, Nuremberg defense [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 066_lf
bleeding heart [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 714_lf
blaming the victim [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 508_lf
blamecasting [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 713_lf
black/white fallacy all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black and white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dichotomy, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 410_lf
black/white fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 712_lf
black and white fallacy all or nothing thinking, bifurcation, black/white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dichotomy, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 409_lf
bizarreness effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 127_cb
biologizing 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 408_lf
big lie technique bold faced lie, staying on message [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 065_lf
big but fallacy special pleading [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 064_lf
big brain/little brain fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 507_lf
big brain little brain führerprinzip, mad leader disease The opposite is Plausible Deniability.  See also, Just Do it and Gaslighting [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 063_lf
big "but" fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 506_lf
bifurcation all or nothing thinking, black and white fallacy, black/white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dichotomy, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 407_lf
bias blind spot [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 126_cb
better-than-average effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 125_cb
better to prevent than to lament an abundance of caution, better safe than sorry, just in case A fallacy of pessimism with reasoning based on a far-fetched, unlikely, or even entirely imaginary worst-case scenario isntead of being based on reality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 711_lf
better the devil you know than the devil you don't [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 710_lf
better safe than sorry an abundance of caution, better to prevent than to lament, just in case A fallacy of pessimism with reasoning based on a far-fetched, unlikely, or even entirely imaginary worst-case scenario isntead of being based on reality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 709_lf
Berkson's paradox [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 124_cb
Ben Franklin effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 123_cb
belief bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 122_cb
begging the question petitio principii Sometimes used interchangeably with Circular Reasoning. A component fallacy. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 010_lf
because if it were [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 708_lf
be-verb fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 505_lf
be grateful for what you've got [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 707_lf
base rate fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 121_cb
Barnum effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 120_cb
bandwagon fallacy 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 406_lf
bandwagon effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 119_cb
bandwagon [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 706_lf
bad-boy talk alpha-male talk, locker-room talk A form of "frank, unguarded or uninhibited offensive expression".  A fallacy that holds that some words are excempt from criticism because they are simply the true expression of some perspective having merit due to their representing the uncensored expression of true feelings.  See also: venting.  See also: affective fallacy.  Opposite to this are political correctness and scripted message. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 504_lf
bad old days 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 405_lf
backfire effect [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 118_cb
back in those good times 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 404_lf
Baader–Meinhof phenomenon [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 117_cb
availability heuristic anchoring bias, attentional bias, availability bias, focalism [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 116_cb
availability cascade [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 115_cb
availability bias anchoring bias, attention bias, attentional bias, focalism Related: hyperbole, magnification, catastrophizing.  See also: anchoring bias, attention bias, availability bias, focalism. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 062_lf
availability bias anchoring bias, attentional bias, availability heuristic, focalism [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 114_cb
automation bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 113_cb
autist's fallacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 503_lf
authority bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 112_cb
attribute substitution [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 111_cb
attentional bias attention bias 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 403_lf
attention bias anchoring bias, attentional bias, availability bias, availability heuristic, focalism A tendency for perception to be influenced by thought repetition. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 110_cb
attacking the person ad hominem argument, argumentum ad hominem, argument toward the man, personal attack, poisoning the well Arguing against the opposing party instead of the reasoning given by the opposing party. This might question the intelligence, credentials, or character of the opposition. A "corrupted negative argument from ethos". Subcategories include abusive and circumstantial types. A fallacy of relevance. The opposite of star power. An obverse is token endorsement. See also: guilt by association. 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 402_lf
attacking the evidence See also: appeal to a lack of evidence, appeal to ignorance, argumentum ad ignorantium, and argument from ignorance. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 054_lf
assumed similarity bias [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 109_cb
association fallacy [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 108_cb
assertiveness 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 401_lf
argumentum ex silentio argument from silence [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 061_lf
argumentum ad verecundium 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 400_lf
argumentum ad traditionem 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 399_lf
argumentum ad populum argument from common sense, argument to the people, appeal to popular opinion, bandwagon fallacy Three approaches include Bandwagon Approach, Patriotic Approach, Snob Approach, and Covering Oneself in the Cross. A fallacy of relevance.  Sometimes includes Lying with Statistics.  A modern from is the Information Cascade. [1], [2], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 003_lf
argumentum ad personam 2024-06-14 2024-06-14 914_lf
argumentum ad mysteriam argument from mystery An example is Long Ago and Far Away [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 060_lf
argumentum ad misericordiam affective fallacy, appeal to emotion, argument from pity, emotion over reflection, follow your heart, romantic fallacy "An emotional appeal to what should be a logical issue".  A fallacy of relevance.  Closely related to angelism.  "Opposite to this is...chosen emotion fallacy." 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 398_lf
argumentum ad miserecordiam [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 705_lf
argumentum ad ignorantium appeal to a lack of evidence, appeal to ignorance, argument from ignorance A fallacy using lack of knowledge to arrive at a conclusion.  One might might say that because a claim cannot be disproven, therefore the opposite must be true.  A fallacy of omission.  Includes attacking the evidence, whataboutism, and missing link. 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 397_lf
argumentum ad ignorantiam [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 704_lf
argumentum ad hominem ad hominem argument, argument toward the man, attacking the person, personal attack, poisoning the well Arguing against the opposing party instead of the reasoning given by the opposing party. This might question the intelligence, credentials, or character of the opposition. A "corrupted negative argument from ethos". Subcategories include abusive and circumstantial types. A fallacy of relevance. The opposite of star power. An obverse is token endorsement. See also: guilt by association. 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 396_lf
argumentum ad coelum American exceptionalism, appeal to heaven, Deus vult, Gott mit uns, manifest destiny, special covenant A fallacy based on claiming to know God's mind and wishes, which cannot really be challenged.  A "deluded argument from ethos".  Opposite of Job's comforter fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 395_lf
argumentum ad baculum appeal to force, argument from the club (stick), argument from force, might-makes-right Conclusion is reached due to force, threat of force, or threat of unlpeasantness.  A fallacy of relevance, since reason for conclusion is not relevant to the argument at hand. See too: argument from strength, bullying, fascism, hard power, muscular leadership, non-negotiable demands, power-play, resolution by force of arms, shock and awe. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-12 059_lf
argumentum ad antiquitatem 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 394_lf
argument toward the man ad hominem argument, argumentum ad hominem, attacking the person, personal attack, poisoning the well Arguing against the opposing party instead of the reasoning given by the opposing party. This might question the intelligence, credentials, or character of the opposition. A "corrupted negative argument from ethos". Subcategories include abusive and circumstantial types. A fallacy of relevance. The opposite of star power. An obverse is token endorsement. See also: guilt by association. 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 393_lf
argument to the people 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 392_lf
argument from the negative argumentum ad ignorantium Often interchangeable with Argumentum Ad Ignorantium.  A fallacy of omission. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 030_lf
argument from the club 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 391_lf
argument from that which is improper 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 390_lf
argument from strength [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 702_lf
argument from silence 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 389_lf
argument from pity affective fallacy, appeal to emotion, argumentum ad misericordiam, emotion over reflection, follow your heart, romantic fallacy "An emotional appeal to what should be a logical issue".  A fallacy of relevance.  Closely related to angelism.  "Opposite to this is...chosen emotion fallacy." 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 388_lf
argument from personal incredulity argument from incredulity A fallacy of relevance. [1], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 009_lf
argument from natural law [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 502_lf
argument from mystery 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 387_lf
argument from motives [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 501_lf
argument from modesty 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 386_lf
argument from inertia stay the course A kind of Argument from Consequences, E for Effort, or Appeal to Tradition. See too, Throwing Good Money After Bad. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 057_lf
argument from incredulity 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 385_lf
argument from ignorance appeal to a lack of evidence, appeal to ignorance, argumentum ad ignorantium A fallacy using lack of knowledge to arrive at a conclusion.  One might might say that because a claim cannot be disproven, therefore the opposite must be true.  A fallacy of omission.  Includes attacking the evidence, whataboutism, and missing link. 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 384_lf
argument from force appeal to force,  argumentum ad baculum, argument from the club (stick), might-makes-right [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 701_lf
argument from consequences outcome bias [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 053_lf
argument from common sense 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 383_lf
argument from adverse consequences argument adverse consequences A fallacy of relevance.  (See also: Outcome Bias.). Do not confuse with Actions Have Consequences. [1], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 008_lf
argument adverse consequences 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 382_lf
arguing in bad faith [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 700_lf
arguing beside the point 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 381_lf
appeasement assertiveness, i know my rights, squeaky wheel gets the grease See also: Bribery. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 052_lf
appeal to tradition argumentum ad traditionem, argumentum ad antiquitatem, back in those good times, conservative bias, good old days A fallacy of relevance.  Opposite of Appeal to Novelty. [1], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 005_lf
appeal to rigor [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 500_lf
appeal to privacy [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 699_lf
appeal to popular opinion 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 380_lf
appeal to pity [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 499_lf
appeal to piety argumentum ad misericordiam Opposite of Appeal to Rigor. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 050_lf
appeal to novelty bad old days, early adopter's fallacy, pro-innovation bias, recency bias [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 051_lf
appeal to novelty [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 106_cb
appeal to nature biologizing, green fallacy See also: Argument from Natural Law. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 049_lf
appeal to improper authority argumentum ad verecundium, argument from that which is improper, appeal to authority, argument from modesty A subcategory is Appeal to Biased Authority. A fallacy of relevance. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 006_lf
appeal to ignorance appeal to a lack of evidence, argumentum ad ignorantium, argument from ignorance A fallacy using lack of knowledge to arrive at a conclusion.  One might might say that because a claim cannot be disproven, therefore the opposite must be true.  A fallacy of omission.  Includes attacking the evidence, whataboutism, and missing link. 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 379_lf
appeal to hypocrisy you also See also Tu Quoque. [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 033_lf
appeal to heaven American exceptionalism, argumentum ad coelum, Deus vult, Gott mit uns, manifest destiny, special covenant A fallacy based on claiming to know God's mind and wishes, which cannot really be challenged.  A "deluded argument from ethos".  Opposite of Job's comforter fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 048_lf
appeal to force argumentum ad baculum, argument from the club (stick), argument from force, might-makes-right Conclusion is reached due to force, threat of force, or threat of unlpeasantness.  A fallacy of relevance, since reason for conclusion is not relevant to the argument at hand. See too: argument from strength, bullying, fascism, hard power, muscular leadership, non-negotiable demands, power-play, resolution by force of arms, shock and awe. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-12 001_lf
appeal to fear [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 698_lf
appeal to emotion affective fallacy, argumentum ad misericordiam, argument from pity, emotion over reflection, follow your heart, romantic fallacy "An emotional appeal to what should be a logical issue".  A fallacy of relevance.  Closely related to angelism.  "Opposite to this is...chosen emotion fallacy." [1], [2], [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 007_lf
appeal to closure See also Appeal to a Lack of Evidence, Argument From Adverse Consequences.  Opposite of Paralysis of Analysis. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 047_lf
appeal to authority 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 378_lf
appeal to a lack of evidence appeal to ignorance, argumentum ad ignorantium, argument from ignorance A fallacy using lack of knowledge to arrive at a conclusion.  One might might say that because a claim cannot be disproven, therefore the opposite must be true.  A fallacy of omission.  Includes attacking the evidence, whataboutism, and missing link. [1], [2] 2024-06-11 2024-06-15 031_lf
apophenia [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 107_cb
apathetic fallacy burnout, compassion fatigue, cynicism The fallacy in which legitimate arguments are ignored due claimed lack of caring. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-15 498_lf
anthropomorphism A tendency to describe non-human things as having human traits.  An availability bias. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 105_cb
anthropocentric thinking A tendency to use analogies about humans when describing other systems.  An availability bias. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 104_cb
angelism Related to Affective Fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 043_lf
anchoring bias focalism A tendency to rely too much on one particular thing (often the first available thing) when considering a decision.  See also: common source bias, conservatism bias, functional fixedness, law of the instrument. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 103_cb
an abundance of caution better safe than sorry, better to prevent than to lament, just in case A fallacy of pessimism with reasoning based on a far-fetched, unlikely, or even entirely imaginary worst-case scenario isntead of being based on reality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 697_lf
amphiboly Literally, "indeterminate".  A fallacy in which a conclusion relies on interpreting a sentence to mean one thing, when the inclusion of that sentence as a premise was intended to mean something else.  Possible because some sentences can be read multiple ways with different meanings depending on word usage.  A fallacy of ambiguity. [1] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 024_lf
American exceptionalism appeal to heaven, argumentum ad coelum, Deus vult, Gott mit uns, manifest destiny, special covenant A fallacy based on claiming to know God's mind and wishes, which cannot really be challenged.  A "deluded argument from ethos".  Opposite of Job's comforter fallacy. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 377_lf
ambiguity effect A tendency to avoid options with outcomes that have unknown probabilities. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 102_cb
alternative truth alt facts, alternate facts, counterknowledge, disinformation, information pollution A fallacy holding that objective facts and truth cannot really exist, are not durable, or are really subjective.  A "fallacy of logos rooted in postmodernism".  Related to: big lie technique.  See also: gaslighting, blind loyalty, big brain/little brain fallacy, two truths. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 046_lf
alternate facts alt facts, counterknowledge, disinformation, information pollution A fallacy holding that objective facts and truth cannot really exist, are not durable, or are really subjective.  A "fallacy of logos rooted in postmodernism".  Related to: big lie technique.  See also: gaslighting, blind loyalty, big brain/little brain fallacy, two truths. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 376_lf
alt facts alternate facts, counterknowledge, disinformation, information pollution A fallacy holding that objective facts and truth cannot really exist, are not durable, or are really subjective.  A "fallacy of logos rooted in postmodernism".  Related to: big lie technique.  See also: gaslighting, blind loyalty, big brain/little brain fallacy, two truths. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 375_lf
alphabet soup The use of jargon such as acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations consisting of letters (and possibly numbers) to impress, to build rapport, to confuse, or to obfuscate, ultimately resulting in loss of communication regarding what is being said or why an argument would be valid, and instead relying on potentially invalid shortcuts to reach a conclusion.  See also: name calling. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 045_lf
alpha-male speech locker-room talk, bad-boy talk A form of "frank, unguarded or uninhibited offensive expression".  A fallacy that holds that some words are excempt from criticism because they are simply the true expression of some perspective having merit due to their representing the uncensored expression of true feelings.  See also: venting.  See also: affective fallacy.  Opposite to this are political correctness and scripted message. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 497_lf
all's fair in love and war changing the rules, moving the goalposts, nuclear option, winning isn't everything it's the only thing Starting with certain requirements for a decision, then, when, the criteria are met, requiring a higher bar.  "A fallacy of logos". [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 496_lf
all or nothing thinking bifurcation, black/white fallacy, black and white fallacy, either or fallacy, either/or reasoning, excluded middle, false binary, false dichotomy, false dilemma A conclusion is reached based on there only being two possible options, when really the possibilities are not so limited.  A component fallacy. 2024-06-11 2024-06-14 374_lf
agent detection bias A tendency to assume that an actor is intentionally intervening in a scenario. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 101_cb
affective fallacy appeal to emotion, argumentum ad misericordiam, argument from pity, emotion over reflection, follow your heart, romantic fallacy "An emotional appeal to what should be a logical issue".  A fallacy of relevance.  Closely related to angelism.  "Opposite to this is...chosen emotion fallacy." 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 373_lf
additive bias A tendency to solve problems by adding things (for example, instead of by removing things). [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 100_cb
ad hominem argument argumentum ad hominem, argument toward the man, attacking the person, personal attack, poisoning the well Arguing against the opposing party instead of the reasoning given by the opposing party. For example, might raise the intelligence, credentials, or character of the opposition. A "corrupted negative argument from ethos". [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 495_lf
ad Hitleram reductio ad Hitlerum An example of ad hominem or guilt by association that invokes a specific extreme persona from history. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 696_lf
actor-observer bias A tendency for the description of an actor's behavior to over-emphasize the observer's personality (while under-emphasizing the actor's scenario).  Also, the opposite--a tendency for an actor's description of their own behavior to have the reverse pattern: over-emphasizing their own scenario while under-emphasizing the effect of their own personality. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 099_cb
actions have consequences An incorrect assertion (based on some kind of rules) that a punishment for an occurrance is instead a consequence. "A corrupt argument from ethos." (Procedures may result in eventual punishment, but that outcome is not accurately the consequence of the initial event.) [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 041_lf
action bias A tendency to act even when there is no problem or when no action would be more effective for the given problem. [6] 2024-06-11 2024-06-13 098_cb
acquiescence better the devil you know than the devil you don't, deal with it, default bias, get used to it, if it ain't broke don't fix it, it is what it is, let it be let it be, making one's peace with the situation, normalization of evil, this is the best of all possible worlds, this is the only possible world, whatever is is right The fallacy that just because something is the current state that is therefore the preferred state. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 695_lf
accomplish the mission by any means necessary, find a way, I don't care how you do it, just do it An argumentum ad baculum (argument from force) that implies arriving at an outcome by aside morality. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-13 694_lf
ableism con artist's fallacy, dacoit's fallacy, shearing the sheeple, profiteering, vulture capitalism, wealth is the disease and I am the cure Fallacy saying that those who are less capable therefore are less deserving and therefore can be justifiably victimized due to how nature is. [3] 2024-06-11 2024-06-12 040_lf
a woman's got to do what a woman's got to do a person's got to do what a person's got to do, a woman's got to do what a woman's got to do, I've got to do what I've got to do This fallacy draws a conclusion based on (potentially prejudiced identity or gender-based) feelings or emotion not necessarily having a foundation in logical reasoning (e.g., it is possible that they do not really have to arrive at that outcome).  A form of the affective fallacy. 2024-06-14 2024-06-14 911_lf
a priori argument A given pre-conceived conclusion is determined from the start, then any argument is sought to support it.  Reasoning "from what is before" without observation or experience. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-12 494_lf
a person's got to do what a person's got to do a person's got to do what a person's got to do, a man's got to do what a man's got to do, a woman's got to do what a woman's got to do, I've got to do what I've got to do This fallacy draws a conclusion based on (potentially prejudiced identity or gender-based) feelings or emotion not necessarily having a foundation in logical reasoning (e.g., it is possible that they do not really have to arrive at that outcome).  A form of the affective fallacy. 2024-06-14 2024-06-14 910_lf
a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do a person's got to do what a person's got to do, a woman's got to do what a woman's got to do, I've got to do what I've got to do This fallacy draws a conclusion based on (potentially prejudiced identity or gender-based) feelings or emotion not necessarily having a foundation in logical reasoning (e.g., it is possible that they do not really have to arrive at that outcome).  A form of the affective fallacy. [3] 2024-06-12 2024-06-14 693_lf
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Clarification

Conceptually, cognitive biases are considered distinct from logical fallacies. The cb and lf suffixes in the id column roughly distinguish these categories. Logical fallacies represent argumentation errors, whereas cognitive biases describe mental tendencies that could result in processing errors. Both phenomenon types could result in errors in thought or decision. The list is combined for convenient lookups.

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